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 OpenAI connects ChatGPT to the internet

OpenAI connects ChatGPT to the internet

OpenAI is a research organization that aims to promote and develop friendly artificial intelligence in a responsible manner. The company was founded in 2015 by a group of entrepreneurs, researchers, and philanthropists, including Elon Musk and Sam Altman, with the goal of advancing artificial intelligence technology in a way that benefits humanity as a whole. Some of OpenAI’s key research areas include machine learning, robotics, and economics. The company is known for its work on developing advanced machine learning algorithms and for its efforts to promote the responsible development and use of artificial intelligence.

ChatGPT is a variant of the GPT (Generative Pre-training Transformer) language model that has been specifically designed for generating text in a conversational style. ChatGPT is trained to generate responses to a given prompt in a manner that is similar to how a human might respond in a conversation. It is able to generate responses that are coherent, contextually relevant, and appropriate for the given prompt. The GPT language model is a type of transformer-based neural network that has been trained on a large dataset of text and is able to generate human-like text. The ChatGPT model is a variant of the GPT model that has been fine-tuned on a dataset of conversation transcripts, which allows it to generate text that is more appropriate for use in chatbot applications or other conversational contexts. ChatGPT can be used to generate text for a variety of applications, including chatbots, customer service bots, and virtual assistants. It can also be used in natural language processing tasks such as language translation, text summarization, and question answering.

OpenAI today launched plugins for ChatGPT, which extend the bot’s functionality by granting it access to third-party knowledge sources and databases, including the web. Available in alpha to ChatGPT users and developers on the waitlist, OpenAI says that it’ll initially prioritize a small number of developers and subscribers to its premium ChatGPT Plus plan before rolling out larger-scale and API access.

Easily the most intriguing plugin is OpenAI’s first-party web-browsing plugin, which allows ChatGPT to draw data from around the web to answer the various questions posed to it. (Previously, ChatGPT’s knowledge was limited to dates, events and people prior to around September 2021.) The plugin retrieves content from the web using the Bing search API and shows any websites it visited in crafting an answer, citing its sources in ChatGPT’s responses.

A chatbot with web access is a risky prospect, as OpenAI’s own research has found. An experimental system built in 2021 by the AI startup, called WebGPT, sometimes quoted from unreliable sources and was incentivized to cherry-pick data from sites it expected users would find convincing — even if those sources weren’t objectively the strongest. Meta’s since-disbanded BlenderBot 3.0 had access to the web, too, and quickly went off the rails, delving into conspiracy theories and offensive content when prompted with certain text.

 

OpenAI ChatGPT

The live web is less curated than a static training dataset and — by implication — less filtered, of course. Search engines like Google and Bing use their own safety mechanisms to reduce the chances unreliable content rises to the top of results, but these results can be gamed. They also aren’t necessarily representative of the totality of the web. As a piece in The New Yorker notes, Google’s algorithm prioritizes websites that use modern web technologies like encryption, mobile support and schema markup. Many websites with otherwise quality content get lost in the shuffle as a result.

This gives search engines a lot of power over the data that might inform web-connected language models’ answers. Google has been found to prioritize its own services in Search by, for example, answering a travel query with data from Google Places instead of a richer, more social source like TripAdvisor. At the same time, the algorithmic approach to search opens the door to bad actors. In 2020, Pinterest leveraged a quirk of Google’s image search algorithm to surface more of its content in Google Image searches, according to The New Yorker.

OpenAI admits that a web-enabled ChatGPT might perform all types of undesirable behaviors, like sending fraudulent and spam emails, bypassing safety restrictions and generally “increasing the capabilities of bad actors who would defraud, mislead or abuse others.” But the company also says that it’s “implemented several safeguards” informed by internal and external red teams to prevent this. Time will tell whether they’re sufficient.

Source: https://techcrunch.com/

 

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